Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

It’s important to differentiate interviews as a way of collecting information and interviewing as being a genre. In the 1st case, interview, that is, communication with people, is regarded as 3 ways to have information by a researcher. Two different ways are:

  • observation, if the researcher himself can be an eyewitness for the event,
  • dealing with papers, where in fact the document means any material provider texts that are containing images.

Kinds of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the characteristics of someone, then to mirror them into the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being discussed when you look at the previous chapter. In regards to the investigative shall find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of this chapter is interview as being a genre, being a real means of text formatting by means of concerns from a interviewer and also the responses regarding the interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the quantity of concerns regarding the researcher is minimized (often they are no at all), in the other pole – a discussion, whenever journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally talks much with long arguments.

The truth that the interview is a discussion, suggests in regards to the exact same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A conversation is conducted by way of a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint of this journalist had been also interesting to visitors, once the viewpoint regarding the interlocutor. If a regular journalist talks the maximum amount of or even more in a job interview being an interlocutor, this is certainly an indication of insufficient certification.

Types of interviews with regards to the subject. Topic meeting

According to the topic, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the subject interview is the state of things in every field of activity. Usually this will be an meeting with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist exactly as much as he could be linked to this continuing state of affairs. For example, an officer informs just how to protect a flat from thieves. The physician describes just how to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis is going to be on the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions coupons that deviate from the meeting topic, nor the personal life of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling associated with interview that is subject of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there’s a parsing associated with subject for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.

The hero associated with the subject interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. That is information interview, among the news genres. The job for the journalist would be to learn whenever possible the information and information on exactly what happened. Such as the way it is of a specialist, the interlocutor’s interaction with all the topic is first shown, then topic is deepened, additionally the ending is specialized in basic impressions of what occurred additionally the conclusions that the interlocutor made.

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